Turkishdoc IVF Center FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions

Discover comprehensive answers to all your inquiries regarding IVF in Turkey.

What is IVF?

IVF treatment (in vitro fertilization) was first successfully applied in England in 1978.

Factors that cause infertility (infertility) in women;

  • Ticking of the egg ducts (fallopian tubes)
  • Uterine (uterine) and congenital abnormalities
  • Benign uterine urlar (fibroids)
  • Intrauterine adhesions (uterine sineuses)

Factors that cause infertility (infertility) in men;

  • Low sperm count
  • Slowness in sperm movement
  • Disfigurement or inability to see sperm cells

According to statistics, more than 4 million children were born by IVF method all over the world.

IVF treatment has been a great gateway to hope for couples who cannot have children by natural means thanks to technology, improved laboratory facilities and research that have advanced in the last 30 years.

What are the factors affecting the success rate of IVF?

In vitro fertilization is one of the factors affecting the rate of success, especially:

  • The age of the patient
  • Type of infertility diagnosis
  • Duration of infertility
  • Hospital / doctor experience / expertise
  • Number of embryos transferred
  • Type of IVF performed: stimulated or natural cycle IVF

For women younger than 34, most will achieve pregnancy within 1 to 3 treatment cycles; indeed, many are successful on their first attempt.

Success rates for women over 35 tend to decrease as aging affects the quality of these women’s eggs.

For a detailed discussion about IVF success rates, couples should visit the website for the clinic where they are considering treatment. They should also discuss specific fertility possibilities with reproductive endocrinologists.

IVF pregnancy rates vary by clinic, so patients should carefully examine their chances of success in the treatment of specific clinical practice.

How is IVF performed?

At the beginning of the IVF process, the ovaries are stimulated with special drugs so that a large number of egg cells can be obtained from the woman.

This process varies from patient to patient.

Drugs are used for 15-20 days. After the ovaries become suitable with ultrasound and hormones with a blood test, egg collection is performed. Eggs are collected through the vaginal route with the help of ultrasound.

On the same day, sperm is taken from the man and a normal IVF or microinjection process is performed in the laboratory for the process of fertilization.

The fertilized egg, which becomes an Embryo, is transferred to the woman after two to five days.

What is infertility?

Infertility refers to the inability to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. Infertility refers to an individual’s biological incapacity to contribute to conception, or to a woman who is unable to carry her pregnancy to full maturity.

Infertility in many countries means a couple who cannot conceive after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without using contraception.

Research shows that most cases of infertility are caused by more than half of women, with the rest due to sperm disorders or unidentified factors caused by men.

Most cases of apparent infertility are treatable. Infertility can have a single cause in one of the partners, or it can be the result of a combination of factors.

How soon can I get an appointment?

We provide pre-operative consultation to offer you the best treatment according to your needs. Fill out the form, and we’ll contact you to schedule a consultation appointment.

What language do they speak at Turkishdoc?

English, Turkish, Chinese, and Arabic are spoken by our staff. If another language is needed, we will arrange for a professional translation service.

Who is a suitable candidate for IVF?

Couples facing challenges conceiving naturally due to various factors, including blocked fallopian tubes, male infertility issues, endometriosis, or unexplained infertility, are often considered suitable candidates for IVF. It is crucial for individuals to undergo a thorough fertility evaluation to determine the most appropriate course of treatment.

How does the IVF process work?

The IVF process comprises several stages. It begins with ovarian stimulation, where medications are administered to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. Following this, eggs are retrieved through a minor surgical procedure. In the laboratory, these eggs are then fertilized with sperm to create embryos. After a period of culture to assess their development, the best-quality embryos are selected for transfer into the uterus, with the hope that implantation will occur and result in a successful pregnancy.

What is ovarian stimulation in IVF?

Ovarian stimulation is a crucial aspect of IVF treatment. This involves the administration of fertility medications, such as gonadotropins, to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. This step is essential because a higher number of eggs increases the chances of obtaining viable embryos for fertilization and subsequent transfer.

How are eggs retrieved during IVF?

Eggs are retrieved through a procedure called transvaginal ultrasound aspiration. Under light anesthesia, a thin, hollow needle is guided through the vaginal wall to access the ovaries. Follicular fluid containing the eggs is aspirated, and the eggs are then identified and collected for fertilization in the laboratory.

What is intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)?

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a specialized technique within IVF where a single sperm is directly injected into an egg to facilitate fertilization. This method is often employed when there are concerns about the sperm’s ability to fertilize the egg naturally, such as in cases of low sperm count, poor sperm motility, or abnormal sperm morphology.

How long does the embryo culture process take?

After fertilization, embryos are cultured in a controlled environment for approximately 3 to 5 days. During this period, their development is closely monitored, and the embryologist assesses their quality based on specific criteria before selecting the best embryos for transfer.

What is the success rate of IVF?

The success rate of IVF varies and is influenced by various factors, including the woman’s age, the cause of infertility, and the clinic’s experience. Success rates tend to be higher in younger women, with an average success rate per cycle ranging from 30% to 50%. However, it’s important to note that individual circumstances can significantly impact these figures.

Are there any risks associated with IVF?

While IVF is generally safe, it is not without risks. Potential risks include multiple pregnancies (twins or more), ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), which is an exaggerated response to fertility medications, and a slightly increased risk of certain birth defects compared to natural conception. However, the overall risk of complications is relatively low.

How many embryos are typically transferred during IVF?

The number of embryos transferred during IVF depends on various factors, including the woman’s age, the quality of the embryos, and specific health considerations. To minimize the risk of multiple pregnancies, many clinics aim to transfer a single embryo, particularly in younger women with good-quality embryos. In some cases, two embryos may be transferred, but this decision is carefully considered to balance the chances of success with the potential risks of multiples.

Can unused embryos be frozen for future use?

Yes, unused embryos can be cryopreserved (frozen) for future use. Cryopreservation allows for the preservation of viable embryos, and they can be stored for an extended period. This provides individuals or couples the option to attempt additional pregnancies without undergoing a full IVF cycle. The frozen embryos can be thawed and transferred during subsequent cycles.

How long does the IVF cycle take from start to finish?

A complete IVF cycle typically spans about 4 to 6 weeks, from the initial consultation to the embryo transfer. The timeline includes the preparatory phase, which involves ovarian stimulation and egg retrieval, followed by the fertilization and embryo culture process. The final step is the transfer of selected embryos into the uterus, with subsequent monitoring for pregnancy.

Are there lifestyle changes recommended during IVF treatment?

Yes, adopting a healthy lifestyle can positively impact IVF success. Recommendations often include maintaining a balanced diet, engaging in regular exercise, managing stress through relaxation techniques, and avoiding harmful habits such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. These lifestyle changes contribute to overall well-being and may enhance the chances of a successful IVF outcome.

Can IVF be emotionally challenging?

Yes, IVF can be emotionally demanding for individuals and couples. The journey involves various stages of hope, anticipation, and potential disappointments. Many individuals find emotional support through counseling, support groups, or other avenues to navigate the challenges associated with fertility treatments. Emotional well-being is an essential aspect of the IVF process, and seeking support can be beneficial.

Are there age limits for IVF treatment?

While there is no strict age limit for IVF, the success rates tend to decline with the woman’s age, particularly after the age of 35. Fertility specialists consider individual health, ovarian reserve, and other factors when determining the appropriateness of IVF for older individuals. In some cases, using donor eggs may be recommended to improve the chances of success.

Is IVF covered by insurance?

Insurance coverage for IVF varies widely and is influenced by factors such as location, specific insurance plans, and individual policy terms. Some insurance plans may cover all or part of the costs associated with IVF, including diagnostic tests and medications, while others may offer limited coverage or none at all. It is crucial for individuals to thoroughly review their insurance policies and discuss coverage options with the fertility clinic.

What is the likelihood of multiple pregnancies with IVF?

The risk of multiple pregnancies is relatively higher with IVF due to the possibility of transferring multiple embryos. However, advancements in IVF techniques and guidelines aim to minimize this risk by advocating for elective single embryo transfer (eSET) in many cases. eSET involves transferring only one high-quality embryo to reduce the chances of multiple pregnancies while maintaining a good chance of successful implantation. The decision on the number of embryos to transfer is carefully discussed between the fertility specialist and the individual or couple undergoing IVF.

How long after IVF can a pregnancy test be done?

A pregnancy test is typically performed approximately 10-14 days after the embryo transfer. This time frame allows for sufficient time for the implanted embryo(s) to release the hormone hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), which is detected by pregnancy tests. Performing the test too early might result in a false negative, as hCG levels may not have reached a detectable threshold. Waiting for the recommended time frame ensures more accurate results and minimizes the chances of misinterpretation.

Can IVF be physically taxing on the body?

The IVF process and the medications used for ovarian stimulation can cause physical discomfort for some individuals. Common side effects may include bloating, abdominal discomfort, mild cramping, breast tenderness, and mood swings due to hormonal fluctuations. However, these symptoms are typically temporary and subside after the completion of the IVF cycle. It’s essential to communicate any concerning or persistent symptoms to the healthcare provider, as they might indicate a need for adjustments in the treatment protocol.

Is acupuncture recommended during IVF treatment?

While opinions on the efficacy of acupuncture during IVF treatment vary, some studies suggest that acupuncture might positively influence IVF success rates. Acupuncture involves the insertion of fine needles at specific points on the body and is believed to promote relaxation, reduce stress, and potentially improve blood flow to the reproductive organs. However, individual responses to acupuncture can differ, and its impact on IVF outcomes remains an area of ongoing research. Those considering acupuncture during IVF should discuss it with their fertility specialist to determine if it might be beneficial for their specific situation.

Are there alternative treatments to IVF for infertility?

Depending on the cause of infertility, alternative treatments such as intrauterine insemination (IUI), also known as artificial insemination, or fertility medications may be explored before or instead of IVF. IUI involves the insertion of prepared sperm directly into the uterus during the woman’s ovulation period, facilitating fertilization. Fertility medications, such as clomiphene citrate or gonadotropins, stimulate ovulation and may increase the chances of conception. However, the suitability of these alternatives depends on individual fertility factors and should be discussed with a fertility specialist to determine the most appropriate course of action.

Can stress affect the success of IVF?

While stress alone may not directly cause IVF failure, managing stress during the IVF process can contribute to a more positive experience. High levels of stress might lead to increased cortisol levels, which could potentially affect reproductive hormones and overall well-being. Engaging in relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, or mindfulness exercises can help individuals undergoing IVF manage stress levels. Additionally, seeking support from counselors, support groups, or mental health professionals can provide coping strategies to navigate the emotional challenges associated with fertility treatments.

Are there any dietary recommendations during IVF treatment?

Maintaining a well-balanced diet is generally recommended during IVF treatment to support overall health and optimize fertility. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats can provide essential nutrients and antioxidants beneficial for reproductive health. Specific dietary recommendations may vary based on individual health conditions, and consulting with a registered dietitian or nutritionist can help tailor a diet plan that meets individual needs and supports the IVF process.

What is the role of a fertility clinic in the IVF process?

Fertility clinics play a pivotal role in guiding individuals or couples through the entire IVF journey. The clinic’s responsibilities encompass various aspects, starting from the initial consultations and fertility assessments. Fertility specialists and healthcare teams create personalized treatment plans, oversee ovarian stimulation, monitor follicular development, retrieve eggs, facilitate fertilization in the laboratory, and perform embryo transfer. Fertility clinics also provide counseling, support services, and guidance throughout the emotional and physical aspects of IVF treatment, ensuring comprehensive care for individuals undergoing fertility treatments.

How many cycles of IVF are typically needed for success?

The number of IVF cycles required for success varies greatly among individuals or couples and depends on multiple factors, including age, the cause of infertility, the quality of eggs and sperm, and overall health. While some individuals achieve pregnancy in their first IVF cycle, others might require multiple attempts before achieving success. The decision to pursue additional cycles after unsuccessful attempts involves discussions between the healthcare team and the individuals or couples undergoing IVF, considering factors such as emotional readiness, financial considerations, and the potential for success based on prior cycles.

Can a woman still ovulate naturally during IVF?

Ovulation is typically suppressed during IVF treatment to control the timing of egg retrieval and ensure synchronization with the IVF process. Medications, such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists or antagonists, are administered to temporarily halt the natural ovulation cycle. However, in some instances, specific IVF protocols may allow for natural ovulation or modified natural cycles, depending on the individual’s treatment plan. The healthcare team carefully monitors hormone levels and follicular development to ensure optimal conditions for egg retrieval.

Are there any medications to avoid during IVF?

It is essential to disclose all medications, including over-the-counter drugs, supplements, vitamins, and herbal remedies, to the fertility specialist before and during IVF treatment. Certain medications might interfere with the IVF process, affect hormone levels, or potentially compromise the quality of eggs or sperm. The fertility specialist will review the medication list and make recommendations regarding any adjustments or medications to avoid during the IVF cycle.

Can IVF be done using a surrogate?

Yes, IVF can be combined with surrogacy in situations where a woman is unable to carry a pregnancy. Surrogacy involves using the IVF process to create embryos using the intended parents’ genetic material (or donor gametes) and then transferring these embryos to a surrogate, who carries the pregnancy to term. Surrogacy offers an alternative pathway to parenthood for individuals or couples facing medical conditions that prevent them from carrying a pregnancy to term.

Are there any long-term health effects of IVF?

While IVF itself is generally considered safe, research regarding potential long-term health effects is ongoing. Long-term studies evaluating the health outcomes of individuals conceived through IVF and the health implications for women who undergo multiple IVF cycles are still being conducted. Some concerns have been raised about the potential association between IVF and certain health.

How long does an egg retrieval take?

Egg retrieval is a surgical procedure that typically lasts about 20-30 minutes. However, the overall time commitment is longer, including pre-operative preparations and post-operative recovery. Before the retrieval, you will undergo a thorough evaluation and possibly hormonal stimulation for ovarian follicle development.

Is the egg retrieval painful?

While the egg retrieval procedure itself is not painful due to anesthesia, some discomfort or mild cramping may be experienced afterward. Anesthesia is administered to ensure you’re comfortable during the procedure, and your fertility team will provide guidance on managing any post-retrieval discomfort.

Will the egg retrieval damage my ovaries?

The risk of ovarian damage during egg retrieval is extremely low. The procedure is conducted by highly trained professionals who use ultrasound guidance to aspirate the eggs. Though complications are rare, potential risks include bleeding or infection, which your healthcare team will monitor and address promptly.

Is bleeding expected after the egg retrieval?

It’s normal to experience some spotting or light bleeding after the procedure. This is usually minimal and resolves on its own. However, if you notice heavy bleeding or other concerning symptoms, it’s crucial to contact your healthcare provider for further evaluation.

Is it normal to retrieve an egg from every follicle?

Not all follicles may contain viable eggs. The goal is to retrieve mature and healthy eggs, but it’s common for not every follicle to yield an egg. The number of eggs retrieved can vary, and not all retrieved eggs may be suitable for fertilization.

Is the embryo transfer painful?

The embryo transfer is generally not a painful procedure. It is relatively quick, resembling a Pap smear. While some women may experience mild cramping, discomfort is typically minimal. Adequate rest and hydration are often recommended post-transfer.

Is bed rest recommended after the embryo transfer?

Bed rest is generally not required after the embryo transfer. However, some clinics may suggest taking it easy for a day or two. It’s essential to follow the specific instructions provided by your healthcare provider to optimize the chances of implantation.

What are the chances of multiples with IVF?

The likelihood of multiples with IVF is higher compared to natural conception. The risk of multiple pregnancies can be influenced by factors such as the number of embryos transferred. Your fertility specialist will discuss the optimal number of embryos to transfer based on your individual circumstances.

Can anything be done to improve embryo quality?

Lifestyle factors, such as maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, and managing stress, can contribute to better embryo quality. Additionally, adhering to your fertility specialist’s recommendations regarding medication protocols and treatment plans is crucial.

Assisted hatching is not a routine procedure for all embryos. It is considered in specific cases, such as advanced maternal age or previous unsuccessful IVF attempts. Your fertility team will determine if assisted hatching is appropriate for your situation.

What is done with any frozen embryos?

Frozen embryos can be stored for future use in subsequent IVF cycles or other assisted reproductive technologies. Additionally, couples may choose to donate unused embryos to others, use them for research purposes, or, if desired, discard them following appropriate ethical and legal considerations.

How soon after IVF can a pregnancy test be performed?

Pregnancy tests are typically conducted about two weeks after the embryo transfer. Testing too early may yield inaccurate results, as it takes time for the implanted embryo to release sufficient levels of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), the hormone detected by pregnancy tests.

Is there an increased risk of birth defects related to IVF?

While research suggests a slightly higher risk of certain birth defects with IVF, the overall risk remains relatively low. Factors such as parental age and underlying infertility issues may contribute to these risks. It’s essential to discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider.

There are no strict limitations on the number of IVF attempts per couple. However, individual circumstances, health considerations, and financial factors may influence the decision on the number of cycles recommended. It’s crucial to have open discussions with your fertility team to determine the most appropriate course of action for your specific situation.

Is IVF Affordable?

Although IVF treatments can be costly, that does not mean they are unattainable. There are additional alternatives, such as IVF financing and grants.

Consult with a fertility specialist and review your insurance policy prior to making a final decision. They can frequently offer guidance on how to locate an affordable solution.

Will the Cost of IVF Decrease?

The worldwide IVF market expands annually. With the expansion of demand and the improvement of treatment efficiency, it is probable that prices will decline, and an increasing number of businesses and insurance plans will provide complete or partial in vitro fertilization (IVF) coverage.

Can IVF result in the delivery of twins or multiples?

Historically, physicians advised transferring multiple embryos to increase the likelihood of conception due to the difficulty in determining which embryo was viable. This resulted in multiple births on occasion.

Recent developments, such as prolonged blastocyst culture and PGS/CCS, have rendered this practice obsolete. Indeed, unless otherwise indicated, the majority of fertility specialists discourage the implantation of more than one embryo at a time, owing to the potential health hazards associated with multiple pregnancies. Viable embryos may be preserved and frozen for subsequent utilization.

Do frozen eggs not possess the same efficacy as fresh eggs?

Throughout history, fresh embryos have had a higher success rate than frozen embryos due to the potential for harm during the thawing process. Nevertheless, vitrification (egg or embryo freezing) technology ensures an embryo survival rate of approximately 99%, indicating that the success rate of frozen embryos is on par with that of fresh embryos.

Furthermore, a pregnancy conceived from preserved embryos may result in improved long-term fetal health. This is due to the fact that freezing permits Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) and Comprehensive Chromosome Screening (CCS)/Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS), which can result in embryos that are healthier and have a higher probability of surviving.

Additionally, chilling allows the hormone levels of a woman to “cool off” following egg retrieval and stimulation. This enables fertility specialists to transfer embryos during a period of hormonal stability in the woman, which may enhance embryo implantation and the progression of the pregnancy.

Moreover, significant advancements in egg preservation outcomes have resulted from vitrification technology, allowing women to preserve their fertility for the future.

Does IVF require me to take a leave of absence from my job?

IVF procedures are typically administered as outpatient procedures that require minimal incisions. Although it is advisable for patients to refrain from excessive physical activity, the majority of individuals recover from egg retrieval procedures and can resume their customary exercise regimens by the time of their subsequent menstrual cycle. Most physicians advise several days of bed rest following an embryo transfer.

Which celebrities had babies via IVF?

Paloma Faith, Chrissy Teigen, Gabrielle Union, Nicole Kidman, Kim Kardashian, Rebel Wilson, Mariah Carey, Courteney Cox, Tyra Banks, Sarah Jessica Parker, Michelle Obama, Amy Schumer, Anne Hathaway, Natalie Imbruglia, Celine Dion, and Emma Thompson are some of the celebrities who had IVF babies.

What are the legal requirements to get IVF in Turkey?

Turkey’s bioethical regulations governing IVF are more stringent than those of the majority of European nations. Couples are required to be married and provide proof of infertility. Donations of embryos, sperm cells, and eggs are strictly prohibited. Surrogate mothers are not permitted. Lesbian couples and solitary women are not permitted to undergo IVF. There is no legal age restriction on IVF. IVF for supernumerary purposes is prohibited. As a result, multiple pregnancies are restricted. Regardless of the number of attempts or age, a maximum of two embryos are permitted per cycle. Preimplantation diagnosis and serum screening for aneuploidy are permitted by law, but not the selection of the embryo’s sex.


Explore our blog for the latest insights on IVF in Turkey! Discover techniques, success stories and tips to achieve success.

The Possibility of Vaginal Delivery for IVF Mothers - Turkishdoc IVF
Celebrities Who Have Openly Embraced IVF
Ovarian Reserve Testing Can Provide Valuable Insights
Understanding AI in Embryo Development - Turkishdoc IVF
The Role of Folic Acid in Preparing for IVF Success - Turkishdoc IVF
Navigating the Path to Natural Pregnancy After IVF - Turkishdoc IVF
Recognizing the Signs of Infertility - Turkishdoc IVF
Benefits of Fertility Massage Techniques
Research on ketogenic diet and ovarian follicle health - Turkishdoc IVF
Tips for Staying Hydrated for Pregnancy Success
The Role of Yoga and Pilates in Easing Bloating Before IVF Retrieval - Turkishdoc IVF
The Science Behind Antidepressants and Their Impact on Sperm Quality and IVF Outcomes - Turkishdoc IVF
Why Summer Emerges as the Optimal Season for IVF Treatment - Turkishdoc IVF

Patient Stories

What do our patients say?

Turkishdoc is there for you from day one and stays by you at every step of your treatment.

Ahmed Johar
Ahmed Johar
আমার বন্ধুর সাম্প্রতিক স্বাস্থ্য পর্যটন অভিজ্ঞতার সময় আপনি যে ব্যতিক্রমী পরিষেবা এবং যত্ন প্রদান করেছেন তার জন্য আপনাকে ধন্যবাদ। আপনার দক্ষতা এবং পেশাদারিত্ব অসামান্য ছিল, এবং আমরা আমাদের যাত্রা জুড়ে স্বাগত এবং ভাল যত্ন অনুভব করেছি। আপনার পরিষেবার ফলে আমরা যে ফলাফল অর্জন করেছি তার জন্য আমরা কৃতজ্ঞ, এবং আমি অন্যদের কাছে আপনার পরিষেবাগুলি সুপারিশ করার জন্য উন্মুখ।
Güzide Kürkçü
Güzide Kürkçü
Kökhücre tedavisi için hizmet aldık. İlk baştan itibaren sorunsuz hizmet ve destek için çok teşekkür ederiz 🙏💫
Ceren Özgüven
Ceren Özgüven
I am very satisfied with everything, thank you especially for the help of Yasmine
OnuR Uysal
OnuR Uysal
grateful for your services.
Nergis Ekmen
Nergis Ekmen
My aunt did IVF treatment through Turkishdoc, and we were really happy with the services they provided. We would like to thank all of the team for their great help.

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For more information and support on IVF and infertility, consider reaching out to Turkishdoc and support organizations to access the guidance and resources you need on your journey.

For more information and support on IVF and infertility, consider reaching out to Turkishdoc and support organizations to access
the guidance and resources you need on your journey.

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